Fly Fishing In Florida Keys?

Are you passionate about fly fishing and eager to explore new fishing destinations? Look no further than the stunning Florida Keys! With its crystal clear waters, abundant marine life, and picturesque scenery, the Florida Keys offer a paradise for fly anglers. Whether you are a seasoned pro or a beginner, this tropical haven is the perfect spot to test your skills and reel in some impressive catches. So pack your gear, grab your rod, and get ready to embark on an unforgettable fly fishing adventure in the Florida Keys!

Fly Fishing in Florida Keys

Welcome to the beautiful world of fly fishing in the Florida Keys! This activity offers you the opportunity to experience the thrill of catching various species of fish while surrounded by stunning natural beauty. In this comprehensive article, we will take you through everything you need to know about fly fishing in the Florida Keys. From the overview of fly fishing and why you should choose the Florida Keys to the best time to go, types of fish to catch, equipment and gear you’ll need, popular fly fishing spots, techniques, and tips, we’ve got you covered with all the information you need to make the most out of your fly fishing adventure.

Overview of Fly Fishing

Definition of Fly Fishing

Fly fishing is a specialized angling technique that involves using a lightweight, artificial fly as bait to entice fish. Unlike conventional fishing methods that use heavy lures or live bait, fly fishing relies on the weight of the fly line to cast the fly rather than the weight of the lure. This technique allows for delicate presentations and precise casting, making it a favorite among fishing enthusiasts.

History of Fly Fishing

The origins of fly fishing can be traced back to ancient times, with evidence of early fly patterns and techniques found in ancient Roman and Macedonian literature. However, it wasn’t until the 19th century that fly fishing gained significant popularity. During this time, advancements in rod and reel construction and the development of new fly patterns revolutionized the sport. Today, fly fishing has become a beloved pastime enjoyed by anglers all over the world.

Basic Techniques and Concepts

Fly fishing involves a unique set of techniques and concepts. These include casting, in which the angler uses a combination of arm and wrist movements to propel the line and fly forward; retrieving, the process of manipulating the fly to mimic the movement of natural prey; and playing, landing, and safely releasing the fish once it’s hooked. Understanding these fundamental techniques and concepts is essential for successful fly fishing.

Benefits of Fly Fishing

Fly fishing offers a range of benefits that appeal to both novice anglers and seasoned fishing enthusiasts. Firstly, it provides a peaceful and immersive experience in nature, allowing you to disconnect from everyday life and connect with your surroundings. Additionally, fly fishing is a challenging and rewarding sport that requires skill, patience, and finesse, providing a sense of accomplishment when you successfully hook and land a fish. Lastly, fly fishing promotes conservation by encouraging catch-and-release practices and fostering an appreciation for the environment.

Fly Fishing In Florida Keys?

Why Choose the Florida Keys

Unique Geographical Features

The Florida Keys are a string of islands located off the southern tip of Florida, known for their unique geographical features. The combination of pristine flats, crystal-clear waters, and abundant mangroves creates an ideal ecosystem for various fish species. Whether you’re wading in shallow waters or fishing from a boat, the Florida Keys offer diverse fly fishing opportunities.

Diverse Species of Fish

One of the primary reasons to choose the Florida Keys for fly fishing is the astounding variety of fish species that inhabit its waters. From the mighty tarpon and bonefish to the elusive permit and snook, the Florida Keys offer a chance to catch numerous game fish species. Whether you’re targeting large, powerful predators or challenging yourself with the subtle strikes of bonefish, the diversity of fish species in the Florida Keys ensures an exciting fly fishing experience.

Stunning Natural Beauty

The natural beauty of the Florida Keys is truly breathtaking. With its turquoise waters, white sandy beaches, and lush greenery, this tropical paradise offers a picturesque backdrop for your fly fishing adventures. Whether you’re casting your line against the backdrop of a stunning sunset or admiring the vibrant coral reefs during a break from fishing, the beauty of the Florida Keys will leave you in awe.

Availability of Fly Fishing Resources

The Florida Keys boast a robust fly fishing community, with numerous resources available to anglers. Fly shops stocked with the latest gear, expert guides who know the local waters like the back of their hands, and fishing charters that cater specifically to fly fishing enthusiasts are all readily accessible. Whether you’re a beginner looking for guidance or a seasoned angler seeking the latest equipment, the Florida Keys offer a wealth of resources to enhance your fly fishing experience.

Fly Fishing Community in the Florida Keys

In addition to the availability of resources, the fly fishing community in the Florida Keys is vibrant and welcoming. Anglers from all over the world gather to share their knowledge, stories, and experiences. Engaging with the local fly fishing community opens up opportunities to learn from others, exchange tips and techniques, and forge lasting friendships. Whether you’re a solo angler or traveling with friends, the fly fishing community in the Florida Keys ensures you’ll never feel alone in your pursuit of the perfect catch.

Best Time to Go

Seasonal Variations

The Florida Keys experience distinct seasonal variations that can greatly impact fly fishing conditions. The peak season for fly fishing in the Florida Keys is typically from late spring to early fall when water temperatures rise, and fish become more active. However, each season offers unique opportunities. Winter months can bring the migration of tarpon, while summer and fall offer excellent bonefish and permit fishing. Understanding the seasonal variations will help you plan your trip accordingly and maximize your chances of success.

Optimal Weather Conditions

Weather conditions play a crucial role in fly fishing success. The Florida Keys boast a subtropical climate, characterized by warm temperatures, ample sunshine, and occasional rain showers. Ideal weather for fly fishing in the Florida Keys includes calm winds, clear skies, and moderate temperatures. Unfavorable weather conditions, such as strong winds or thunderstorms, can make fly casting difficult and impact fish behavior. Monitoring weather forecasts and planning accordingly will ensure a more enjoyable and successful fishing experience.

Migration Patterns of Fish

The migration patterns of fish in the Florida Keys should also be considered when planning your fly fishing trip. Various species, such as tarpon, migrate through the Florida Keys at different times of the year, offering unique opportunities for anglers. Understanding the seasonal movements of fish will allow you to target specific species during their peak migration periods, increasing your chances of landing your dream catch.

Availability of Guides and Charters

Fly fishing in the Florida Keys can be greatly enhanced by hiring a local guide or charter. These experienced professionals have in-depth knowledge of the local waters, fish behavior, and optimal fishing spots. They can provide valuable insights, tips, and techniques to improve your fishing skills. It’s important to consider the availability of guides and charters, especially during the peak season, and book in advance to secure your spot.

Fly Fishing In Florida Keys?

Types of Fish to Catch


Tarpon are considered the prize of the Florida Keys. Known for their acrobatic leaps and impressive size, these mighty fish can reach lengths of over six feet and weigh over 200 pounds. Tarpon are typically found in nearshore and backcountry waters, offering anglers a thrilling fight and a once-in-a-lifetime fishing experience.


Bonefish are renowned for their speed, elusiveness, and challenging nature. These silver-colored fish inhabit the shallow flats of the Florida Keys, making them a prime target for fly fishermen. Bonefish can weigh up to 15 pounds and provide an exhilarating chase as you try to entice them with your fly.


Permit are highly sought-after game fish prized for their beauty and difficulty to catch. These fish have a reputation for their wariness and selective feeding habits, making them a challenging target for fly anglers. The Florida Keys provide excellent opportunities to pursue permit, with shallow flats and wrecks being popular locations to find them.


Redfish, also known as red drum, are a popular target for fly fishermen in the Florida Keys. These powerful fish inhabit the mangrove-lined shorelines and grass flats, providing exciting opportunities for sight fishing and stalking. Redfish are known for their aggressive strikes and impressive fighting abilities.


Snook are a favorite among fly fishermen due to their aggressive nature and ability to put up a fierce fight. These ambush predators can be found inshore, near mangroves, and around structures. Known for their aggressive strikes and acrobatics, snook provide an unforgettable fly fishing experience.


Spotted sea trout, or simply trout, are a common catch in the Florida Keys. These fish can be found in both shallow and deeper waters, making them accessible to anglers of all skill levels. Trout provide consistent action and are often targeted during cooler months when other species may be less active.


The Florida Keys are home to a variety of shark species, offering anglers the opportunity to test their skills and tackle large, powerful predators. Whether you’re targeting blacktip sharks, lemon sharks, or the apex predator, the hammerhead shark, the Florida Keys provide thrilling encounters with these ocean predators.


Barracuda are known for their speed, aggression, and sharp teeth. These fierce predators inhabit the flats and backcountry waters, providing exciting opportunities for fly anglers. Barracuda offer explosive strikes, blistering runs, and acrobatic leaps, making them a popular target for adventurous fly fishermen.

Other Species

In addition to the popular game fish mentioned above, the Florida Keys offer ample opportunities to target numerous other species. These include but are not limited to snapper, jacks, cobia, grouper, and various reef fish. Exploring different locations and adapting your fly fishing techniques will allow you to target a wide range of species and add variety to your fishing experience.

Fly Fishing Equipment and Gear

Fly Rods

The cornerstone of fly fishing equipment is the fly rod. When fly fishing in the Florida Keys, it’s crucial to use a suitable rod that can handle the unique conditions and target species. A 9 to 10-foot rod with a weight rating of 7 to 9 is recommended for most fly fishing situations in the Florida Keys. This rod length and weight will allow for accurate casting, adequate line control, and enough power to handle larger fish.

Fly Reels

The fly reel serves as the storage for the fly line and plays a critical role in fighting and landing fish. When choosing a fly reel for fly fishing in the Florida Keys, opt for a reel with a smooth drag system, a large arbor design for quick line retrieval, and a corrosion-resistant material to withstand the harsh saltwater environment. Consider the line capacity and balance with your chosen rod for optimal performance.

Fly Lines

The fly line is the lifeline of your fly fishing setup. In the Florida Keys, where you’ll often find yourself casting in windy conditions and targeting larger fish, a weight-forward floating line is typically recommended. This line design helps with long casts and turnover, allowing for accurate presentations and better control over your fly.

Leaders and Tippets

Leaders and tippets are essential components of your fly fishing setup that allow for a seamless connection between your fly line and fly. In the Florida Keys, where fish can be selective and easily spooked, using a relatively long leader of 9 to 12 feet with a tapered design is common. This longer leader provides a more delicate presentation and helps avoid spooking wary fish. Matched tippet sizes ranging from 8 to 16 pounds should be used based on the target species.

Flies and Lures

Fly fishing relies on artificial flies to imitate the insects, baitfish, and crustaceans that fish feed on. In the Florida Keys, popular fly patterns include shrimp and crab imitations, small baitfish patterns, and surface poppers. Ensure your fly box is well-stocked with a variety of flies to mimic the different prey species found in the waters of the Florida Keys.

Waders and Boots

While wading is not always necessary in the Florida Keys, a good pair of breathable waders can offer added versatility and comfort. Opt for lightweight, waterproof waders that allow you to comfortably move through the water without feeling restricted. Wading boots with a sturdy grip are essential to navigate uneven and slippery terrain.

Other Essential Gear

Alongside the basics, there are several other pieces of gear that will enhance your fly fishing experience in the Florida Keys. These include polarized sunglasses to reduce glare and enhance visibility, a reliable sunscreen with high SPF to protect your skin from the Florida sun, a hat to shield your face and head, and a fishing net to safely land and release fish.

Guided Fly Fishing Tours

Advantages of Hiring a Guide

Hiring a guide for your fly fishing adventure in the Florida Keys offers numerous advantages. Guides possess invaluable local knowledge, including where to find fish, optimal fishing techniques, and the best spots for specific species. They also have the experience and expertise to maximize your chances of success. Additionally, guides provide all the necessary equipment, offer casting instruction, and ensure your safety throughout the trip, allowing you to focus solely on enjoying your fly fishing experience.

Choosing the Right Guide

When choosing a guide for your fly fishing tour in the Florida Keys, it’s essential to consider their expertise, reputation, and experience. Look for guides who specialize in fly fishing and have a proven track record of successful trips. Read reviews, ask for recommendations, and inquire about their knowledge of the specific areas and species you’re interested in targeting. A good guide will not only provide a memorable fishing experience but also serve as a valuable learning resource.

What to Expect on a Guided Tour

On a guided fly fishing tour, you can expect a customized experience tailored to your skill level and preferences. Your guide will provide all the necessary equipment, including rods, reels, lines, flies, and other gear. They will take you to prime fishing locations, share insights on local fish behavior and the best fishing techniques, and ensure your safety throughout the trip. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced angler, a guided tour offers the opportunity to learn, improve your skills, and have an enjoyable fishing adventure.

Package Options and Pricing

Guided fly fishing tours in the Florida Keys offer a range of package options to suit different budgets and preferences. Full-day and half-day trips are common, with some guides offering additional services such as transportation and meals. Prices vary depending on factors such as the duration of the tour, the expertise of the guide, and the inclusion of additional services. It’s advisable to book your guided tour well in advance, especially during peak fishing seasons, to secure availability and get the best rates.

Popular Fly Fishing Spots in the Florida Keys

Key West

Key West is renowned for its world-class fly fishing opportunities. The waters surrounding the island offer a rich variety of fish species and diverse fishing environments, including flats, channels, and wrecks. Local guides offer a range of trips, from backcountry journeys to offshore adventures, ensuring there’s something for every angler. Whether you’re targeting bonefish on the flats or seeking the thrill of hooking a tarpon, fly fishing in Key West is an unforgettable experience.


Islamorada is considered the “Sport Fishing Capital of the World” and is a must-visit destination for fly fishermen. This picturesque village is surrounded by pristine waters and offers a wide range of fly fishing opportunities. From bonefish and permit fishing in the flats to tarpon and snook hunting in the backcountry, Islamorada offers something for anglers of all skill levels. The presence of numerous experienced guides and top-notch fishing charters makes Islamorada a dream destination for any fly fishing enthusiast.


Marathon, located in the middle of the Florida Keys, is another popular spot for fly fishing. With its extensive network of flats, channels, and mangroves, Marathon provides a diverse range of fishing environments to explore. Bonefish, permit, and tarpon are among the most sought-after species in the area. Whether you’re an experienced angler or a novice, Marathon offers ample opportunities to improve your skills and enjoy the thrill of fly fishing.

Big Pine Key

Big Pine Key is a hidden gem for fly fishing enthusiasts looking to escape the crowds and enjoy a more secluded fishing experience. The shallow flats, seagrass beds, and mangrove shorelines surrounding Big Pine Key are home to various species, including bonefish, permit, and tarpon. This quiet island offers tranquility and excellent fishing conditions, making it a favorite among seasoned anglers seeking a more intimate connection with nature.

Lower Keys

The Lower Keys encompass a group of islands known for their laid-back atmosphere and unspoiled natural beauty. These islands offer a mix of flats, reefs, and backcountry waters, providing diverse fly fishing opportunities. Whether you’re targeting bonefish in the flats of Sugarloaf Key or exploring the winding mangrove creeks of Cudjoe Key for snook and redfish, the Lower Keys offer a peaceful and rewarding fly fishing experience.

Everglades National Park

The Everglades National Park is a vast wilderness that stretches across the southern tip of Florida, encompassing diverse ecosystems and abundant wildlife. Within the park, fly fishermen can explore endless creeks, rivers, and brackish bays teeming with fish. The Everglades National Park offers opportunities for tarpon, snook, redfish, and trout fishing, among others. Exploring this unique and pristine environment is a once-in-a-lifetime experience that every fly fishing enthusiast should consider.

Fly Fishing Techniques in the Florida Keys

Saltwater Fly Fishing Techniques

Fly fishing in the saltwater environment of the Florida Keys requires specific techniques tailored to the unique conditions. Key techniques include the double haul cast, which allows for longer casts against wind or current; the strip strike, a quick pull on the line to set the hook when a fish strikes; and the strip retrieve, where you retrieve the fly by imparting action and movement to imitate natural prey. Understanding and practicing these techniques will greatly increase your chances of success when targeting saltwater species in the Florida Keys.

Casting Techniques

Casting is a fundamental skill in fly fishing, and mastering different casting techniques is essential for success in the Florida Keys. Techniques such as the overhead cast, roll cast, and sidearm cast should be practiced to ensure accurate and controlled presentations. Additionally, mastering the double haul cast will greatly assist with casting in windy conditions, which are common in the Florida Keys.

Locating Fish

Locating fish is a crucial skill in fly fishing. In the Florida Keys, understanding the habitat preferences and behavior of different species is key to finding them. Observing the movement of tidal currents, recognizing signs of feeding activity, and being aware of seasonal fish migrations will all help you pinpoint the location of fish. Paying attention to subtle cues and consulting with local guides or experienced anglers will enhance your ability to locate fish in the dynamic waters of the Florida Keys.

Presenting the Fly

One of the most critical aspects of fly fishing is presenting the fly in a manner that entices fish to strike. In the Florida Keys, where fish can be selective and wary, a delicate and natural presentation is essential. Learning to cast accurately and softly, mimicking the movement and behavior of natural prey, and adjusting your retrieve to match fish feeding patterns will greatly increase your chances of triggering a strike.

Hooking and Fighting Fish

Once a fish strikes your fly, it’s essential to efficiently hook and fight the fish to secure a successful catch. In the Florida Keys, where fish tend to be powerful and acrobatic, it’s crucial to maintain steady pressure on the fish while allowing it to run when necessary. Keep the rod high to avoid breaking the tippet and follow the fish’s movement to prevent line tangles or sudden breaks. Patience, technique, and maintaining control over the fish will improve your chances of successfully landing your prize catch.

Handling and Releasing Fish

Fly fishing promotes conservation, and proper handling and releasing of fish ensure their survival and the sustainability of the fishery. When handling fish in the Florida Keys, it’s important to minimize their time out of the water, handle them with wet hands or using a rubberized landing net, and avoid putting unnecessary stress on them. Following catch-and-release best practices, including using barbless hooks and providing proper support during release, will help preserve the fish population and contribute to the long-term health of the ecosystem.

Conservation and Fly Fishing

Fly fishing and conservation go hand in hand, and it is crucial for anglers to prioritize the protection of the environment and the fish they pursue. In the Florida Keys, where the fragile ecosystem can be easily impacted, practicing responsible fishing habits is essential. This involves practicing catch-and-release as much as possible, using appropriate gear to minimize harm to fish, following local regulations and bag limits, and respecting designated marine protected areas. By adopting a conservation-minded approach, fly fishermen can contribute to the preservation of the Florida Keys’ ecosystem for future generations.

Tips for Fly Fishing in the Florida Keys

Researching and Planning

Before embarking on your fly fishing adventure in the Florida Keys, conduct thorough research on the target species, fishing spots, and seasonal variations. Familiarize yourself with local regulations, licensing requirements, and bag limits. Planning your trip well in advance will also allow you to secure accommodations, book guides or charters, and avoid any last-minute disappointments.

Booking in Advance

Fly fishing in the Florida Keys is a popular activity, and securing guides, charters, and accommodations well in advance is highly recommended, especially during peak seasons. Booking early ensures you have access to the best guides, provides more flexibility in your itinerary, and gives you the best chance of securing your preferred dates.

Acquiring Permits

Ensure you have the necessary permits and licenses before embarking on your fly fishing adventure in the Florida Keys. Whether you’re fishing from a boat or wading in the flats, familiarize yourself with the local fishing regulations and obtain the appropriate permits. This ensures you’re fishing legally and supports the conservation efforts in place to protect the fishery.

Choosing the Right Tackle

Matching your tackle to the target species and fishing conditions is crucial for success. Consult with experts or local fly shops to determine the appropriate rod, reel, line, and leader sizes for the specific fish you’re targeting. Using the right tackle ensures you have the appropriate strength and control to effectively present your fly and handle large and powerful fish.

Practicing Casting

Casting accuracy and distance are essential skills in fly fishing. Prior to your trip, dedicate time to practice your casting techniques. Head to an open field or a local park to hone your skills and work on your timing, line control, and accuracy. After all, the more proficient you are at casting, the higher your chances of success when you face real-life fishing conditions.

Being Prepared for the Elements

The Florida Keys are blessed with pleasant year-round weather, but it’s important to be prepared for the elements. Pack appropriate clothing to protect yourself from the sun, wind, and occasional rain showers. Wear lightweight, breathable materials, and don’t forget a wide-brimmed hat, polarized sunglasses, and sunscreen with a high SPF. Staying comfortable and protected will allow you to focus on your fishing experience.

Respecting Local Regulations

Respect local regulations and fishing etiquette to preserve the delicate balance of the Florida Keys’ ecosystem. Follow bag limits, size restrictions, and closed seasons to ensure the sustainability of fish populations. Respect other anglers by giving them space and being aware of your surroundings. By demonstrating responsible fishing practices, you contribute to the preservation of this remarkable fishing destination.

Engaging with the Fly Fishing Community

The fly fishing community in the Florida Keys is a friendly and passionate group of individuals. Engaging with local anglers, fly shops, and fishing clubs allows you to tap into a wealth of knowledge and experience. Attend local events, workshops, or gatherings to share your own experiences, learn from others, and immerse yourself in the vibrant fly fishing culture of the Florida Keys.

Enjoying the Experience

Fly fishing in the Florida Keys is not just about catching fish; it’s about immersing yourself in the natural beauty and the thrill of the chase. Take the time to appreciate your surroundings, observe the wildlife, and soak in the tranquility that only nature can provide. Remember to enjoy the experience, embrace the challenges, and create lasting memories that will stay with you long after you’ve left the Florida Keys.

With this comprehensive guide, you’re well-equipped to embark on an unforgettable fly fishing adventure in the Florida Keys. From the basics of fly fishing to the best fishing spots, techniques, and conservation practices, you have all the tools to make the most of your time in this angler’s paradise. So grab your rod, tie on a fly, and get ready to experience the thrill of fly fishing in the stunning waters of the Florida Keys.